are six elements of this:
HAVE A TENDENCY NOT TO REPORT CRIMES.
8% of the respondents to the Kirklees Crime & Disorder - Household Survey
(2001) described their ethnic origin as Asian. The survey report does not specifically
highlight the experiences and fears of the Asian communities.
total results for the Asian sample were based on 42 returned questionnaires so
the statistical significance is limited.
of crime varied from the white population: 1. Racial Incidents, 2.Vandalism, 3.Theft
from Vehicle compared with 1.Vandalism 2. Criminal Damage. 3.Theft from vehicle.
of crime was significantly different to the white population: 1. Racial Incidents,
2.Violence in a public place, 3. Violence from a stranger & burglary from
your house compared with 1. Burglary from your house, 2.Vandalism and 3. Robbery
& theft from vehicle.
to the other two groups Asian respondents were less likely to report fears to
a voluntary organization (Kirklees 70.5%, Dews/Batley 71.1%, Dews/Batley Asian
68.6%) but appear to be more likely to report violent crime to the police (Kirklees
28.1%, Dew/Batley 31.6%, Dews/Batley Asian 66.7%).
as many respondents under the age of 25yrs (40%) thought there was a problem of
racism in their area compared with respondents over 60 (20%).
of Dewsbury/ Batley Asian respondents thought there is a problem of racism in
the area, similar to all respondents in Dewsbury/Batley (41.1%). Kirklees 30.2%.
of the 61 Kirklees respondents who had been victims of racist incidents only one
quarter (26%) had reported it to the police. 78% of Talkback respondents who had
been victims of a racist incident had not reported it.
all the respondents who thought that there was a problem of racism in their area
only 10% were very confident that it was being tackled.
of Dewsbury/ Batley Asian respondents thought that drugs affected their area compared
with 43% of all respondents in Dewsbury/Batley and 40.9% all respondents Kirklees.
line with the UK most actual victims of crime are between 20 - 49 but those who
have the higher level of fear of crime are older.
available police crime statistics by victim ethnicity rely on a visual classification
and there are a large number of cases where ethnicity is unknown.
of local (comparative) statistical data.
against Asian individuals and communities appear to be significantly under reported.
isolation, exclusion and language barriers
fear of crime and the fear of different crimes to the Kirklees population in general.
to carry out a local data survey.
community awareness of local services, provision and crime prevention information.
a means for, and encourage victims of crime to report the incident and receive
a forum for people to voice their fears of crime and provide positive information.
at ways that communities can tackle, for example, offending behaviour and environmental
representation on bodies such as the Community Safety Forum, Community Safety
Partnership Executive, Police Forums and local Police Authority.
communities together and look at issues relating to community cohesion and social
issues around islamaphobia.
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BELOW AVERAGE EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT
Kirklees pupils aged 11 underachieve compared with the UK average. Percentage
of age group that reached the level expected for their age (DFES figures for 2000):
pupils achieve significantly less at GCSE and achievements deteriorated in 2001
from the previous year. 2000
Stage 2 results (2003) Pakistani Children underachieved in Literacy and Numeracy
compared to its white counterparts in Kirklees.
results (2003) 38 per cent of Pakistani pupils achieved five or more A*- C grade
GCSEs, where as 49 percent White pupils achieved five or more A*-C grade GCSEs
in Kirklees, (Education Service)
GCSE performance tables 2003 results. 47.2% for 5 or more grades A*- C, compared
to the England Average of 52.90%. Kirklees is still under performing, (Education
Pakistani boys (29.4%) and girls (49.5%) achieve less 5 or more A*-C grades compared
to both White boys (44.1%) and girls (56.0%) in Kirklees (Fact Sheet 2003).
2001/02, only people from the Black Caribbean, Other Black, Pakistani and Bangladeshi
groups were less likely than White British people to have degrees (or equivalent).
Among men, Black Caribbeans were the least likely to have degrees ((8 per cent).
Among women, Pakistanis/Bangladeshis were the least likely group to have degrees
(7 per cent).Pakistanis and Bangladeshis were the most likely to be unqualified.
Nearly half (48 per cent) of Bangladeshi women and 40 per cent of Bangladeshi
men had no qualifications. Among Pakistanis, 40 per cent of women and 28 per cent
of men had no qualifications. (Source National Statistics)
levels of educational attainment at each level of the statutory educational process.
isolation, exclusion and language barriers.
feel unable or are unable to help children to learn.
of participation on school governing bodies.
voluntary-aided faith school in the area.
of quality pre-school provision.
take up on adult non-vocational courses.
not fully engaging with their local communities.
of awareness of educational developments.
local information regarding local communities eg the need for English language
pre-school learning groups.
additional classes to increase levels of literacy and numeracy.
a forum for young people to voice their concerns about education and involve them
in developing solutions.
with parents to develop strategies and actions to support them in helping their
children to learn.
Establish representation on educational bodies.
an authoritative and consulted body for those designing and providing educational
provision that aim to serve the communities.
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UNEMPLOYMENT RATES AMONG PEOPLE FROM SOUTH ASIAN COMMUNITIES ARE HIGHER THAN FOR
WHITE PEOPLE, REGARDLESS OF QUALIFICATIONS, AGE AND GENDER.
unemployment is higher amongst minority ethnic groups (6-8%) than white people
(3%), regardless of qualifications, age and gender.
Kirklees unemployment rates are significantly higher among Asian people than white,
24.8% compared with 7.4% (1991 Census).
sub-groups suffer different rates of unemployment.
Asian communities unemployment rates increase quicker and are slower to recover
and therefore likely to be long-term unemployed.
earnings for Asian people are lower than the earnings of white people. The average
gross earnings per week for all white people was £190, compared with £140
for Asian people (Kirklees and Calderdale Skills Audit 1991). Average UK hourly
rates - White £7.22, Indian £6.53, Pakistani/Bangladeshi £5.15
(Labour Force Survey Spring 1995.
sub-groups within minority ethnic communities have different experiences, needs
and attitudes regarding learning, skills and employment.
skills are low/very low. The Basic Skills Survey (Kirklees 1996/7) did not carry
out interviews with people who were not conversant in fluent English and therefore
the findings are likely to be underestimations: low/very low literacy - UK 15%,
Kirklees 17.5%, Batley and Dewsbury 22%; low/very low numeracy - UK 33%, Kirklees
37.9%, Batley and Dewsbury 44-46%.
of local information regarding the experience of minority ethnic groups in regard
to learning, skills and employment.
of statistical data regarding official unemployment records as information based
on ethnicity is not computerised and the Labour Force Survey is too generalised.
knowledge regarding the different needs of the different groups that make up the
minority ethnic communities.
and training system not sensitive to the different needs of minority ethnic groups.
low/very low levels of literacy and numeracy basic skills.
localised base line information regarding unemployment and other labour market
research into the different experiences (and attitudes to) of training, education
and skills of the different groups that make up the community in Kirklees; develop
strategies in accordance with these.
of education and training providers to the differing needs of minority ethnic
groups and the sub groups within.
that would meet these differing needs, e.g. home based learning.
specific recommendations and flexibility in employment structures.
in the removal barriers to learning, education and employment, e.g. language.
growth areas of employment and skill shortage and develop strategies to exploit
access to these.
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HEALTH INEQUALITIES BETWEEN DIFFERENT GROUPS ARE OFTEN UNNECESSARY AND AVOIDABLE.
heart disease:The incidence of coronary heart disease among South Asian men combined
was over 30% higher than for men in the general population.
60% / 70% higher than general population in Pakistani and Bangladeshi
especially cervical and lung cancers, breast cancer, screening for testicular
cancer for men is very low.
nationally people from Pakistan are 5x and India 3x more like to suffer from diabetes
than the general population.
on the increase amongst South Asian Communities.
health on the increase amongst South Asian Communities.
and substance misuse.
infant mortality (under 1 year).
26% amongst Pakistani communities
Awareness & competency.
& health promotion.
of the variations in health status between groups are also related to socio-economic
isolation, exclusion, language & communication barriers.
a mixture of east & west cultures.
of benefit and other entitlements
more baseline information through health and lifestyle surveys & appropriate
research including needs assessment & needs analysis specifically for South
& Cultural awareness Training for all Health & Social care staff.
staff from Ethnic minority communities who can be involved in planning, commissioning
& decision making.
risk factors and increase positive influences through education and awareness
events, fitness and health programmes, increase physical activity programmes amongst
the South Asian population.
of appropriate support mechanisms for those with Health & community care needs
and their carers including families.
engaged & involved with Health agencies and Social Care organisations - from
the setting of their agendas/strategies to assessing, monitoring and evaluating
their provision - to meet cultural, religious linguistic & communication needs.
information about who is doing what & ensure a better co-ordinated & cohesive
approach to Race Equality.
gaps where partner organisations that include Statutory/Voluntary & Community
Organisations can provide appropriate culturally sensitive and supportive provisions
to members of the Community.
involvement of patient & public in seeking views and opinions on health &
health core standards.
develop structured exercise programmes for South Asian men.
more South Asian staff into Mental Health who would look at Counselling, Advocacy,
Interpreter Training and more Bilingual staff.
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ASDIAN COMMUNITIES CONTINUE TO BE EXCLUDED FROM
PARTICIPATING FULLY IN SOCIETY
OR IN RECEIVING OR ACCESSING SERVICES THAT ARE THEORETICALLY AVAILABLE TO ALL.
response to the social exclusion of South Asian communities in Kirklees most organisations
have responded by developing policies and strategies regarding equality of access
However, there is a 'body of evidence' that either confirms
or suggests that our communities continue to be excluded from participating fully
or in decision making or in receiving or accessing services that are theoretically
available to everyone. Social exclusion can cause deep and long lasting problems
for individual families, the economy, and for society as a whole, children's life
chances are affected by their parents' circumstances, such as their income and
the place they live.
is a collated summary of some of the main factors that create or contribute to
the multiple disadvantages of the South Asian communities. These are drawn from
a variety of sources (national and local), which have primarily related to education,
health, employment and housing.
common belief that South Asian communities 'look after their own' results in a
shortfall of services or inappropriate service provision from mainstream providers.
Lack of baseline information regarding:
(i) the needs and issues of the minority
the inequalities in service.
access to services.
research, collate and analyse baseline information focusing upon:
needs and issues of the BME Communities.
inequalities of Service Provision - cultural and religious issues.
in access to Services.
produce a Resource and Service Directory (translated in community languages) of
services provided by the Statutory and Voluntary Agencies.
enhance recruitment of South Asian community members by agencies through active
publicity/advertising/in the local ethnic press, shops, community centres, mosques,
gurdwaras, temples etc.
lobby service providers with respect to the cultural and religious needs of the
South Asian Communities, with a view to influencing Service Plans and Strategies.
ensure active representation and engagement from the Consortium members on relevant
decision making structures and processes.
building the Capacity of Consortium members and the BME Communities through relevant
training, conferences and information sharing from time to time.
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Kirklees is an area of marked urban and rural contrast. It is
bordered by the pennines in the West and the former coalfields of Barnsley and
Wakefield in the East. It takes in the Peak District National Park in the south
and the communities that border Leeds and Bradford in the North. At 40,910 hectares
it is the third largest metropolitan district by geographical area and with a
population of 389,503 inhabitants, the seventh largest in terms of population.
It is the largest metropolitan district not based on a single major city. The
main towns of the district are Huddersfield, Dewsbury and Batley but, despite
its metropolitan status, over two thirds of the area is protected rural landscape.
A number of the towns in the district suffer from urban decay and dereliction
caused by the decline of the traditional manufacturing industries, particularly
textiles. In the most disadvantaged neighbourhoods these problems are compounded
by high levels of unemployment, crime and poor health.
total population from the 2001 census was 389,503 and forecast to rise to 406,800
by 2011 (source: Kirklees ONS).
main centres of population are Huddersfield, Dewsbury (52,595) and Batley (37,715)
and Heckmondwike (17,943) (Source: Kirklees Metro Council Ward Profiles 2004).
the whole of Kirklees ethnic origin includes 6.8% Pakistani (26,536), 4.1% Indian
(15,829) and 0.1% Black African (476) and 1.1% Black Caribbean (4,203) (Source:
ONS Census of Population 2001).
are approx 166,000 households in the district.
predict that households will rise to over 172,000 by 2006, and to 179,000 by 2011
with the most significant growth in single person households.
Economic prosperity lies in the manufacturing industries with textiles predominant
in the north and engineering and chemical industry around Huddersfield.
Three of the wards are amongst the 10% most deprived in the England and Wales
- Deighton, Dewsbury West and Thornhill (Index of Multiple Deprivation 2000).
A further seven wards lie within the 20% most deprived wards in the index.
for Kirklees in January 2004 (claimant count) was 5,303 (2.2%) (Source: Kirklees
Metro Council area profiles North & South Kirklees 2004).
DEWSBURY AND HECKMONDWIK - AN OVERVIEW
six wards that make up Batley (East and West), Dewsbury (East and West),Thornhill
and Heckmondwike lie within the North Kirklees area on the boundaries with Bradford
The combined population of these six wards is 108,253 (Source
Kirklees Metro Council Ward Profiles 2004).
Indian: 15,829 (4.1%)
Pakistani: 26,536 (6.8%)
Major employers (excluding Local Authority):
Biscuits (manufacture of confectionary) 1,340 employees
Dewsbury Civil Engineering
(engineering) 1,200 employees
Lay-E-Zee Beds (manufacturer of beds) 490 employees
Mid Yorkshire Healthcare NHS Trust (Health Authority) 2,500 employees
Nursing home 120 employees
Dewsbury College (FE Institute) 600 employees
S. Lyles Son &
Co Ltd (textiles) 300 employees
Skopos Designs (manufacturers of textiles)
Williams S Graham Ltd (carpet yarn) 350 employees
Ltd (Haulage Contractors) 300
J Sainsbury PLC (supermarket) 260 employees
West is amongst the 10% most deprived wards in England and Wales).
Plastics Ltd (manufacturer of plastic products) 550 employees
GB Ltd (manufacturer of carpets) 490 employees
Wm Morrisons (Supermarket) 400
Cards Ltd (Manufacture of Greeting Cards) 1500 employees
Arriva Yorkshire (Public
Transport Operators) 375 employees
The Stanley Press (Printers) 135 employees
for the area in January 2004 (claimant count) was 1,540 with 5 out of the 6 wards
being above the Kirklees average of 2.2%: Batley East 2.4%, Batley West 2.5%,
Dewsbury East 2.8%, Dewsbury West 2.8%,Thornhill 2.3% and Heckmondwike 1.5% (Source:
Kirklees Metro Council Ward Profiles 2004).
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